Recently, I saw a documentary which featured the problems of overpopulation in The Third World countries. After watching the programme, I realise that it is everybody’s essential responsibility to confront and address the problems of an expanding world population. This is necessary because we live on the same planet and share the same resources, both renewable and non-renewable.
Population control is defined as the systematic regulating of the number of people in any given country to redress the problems of overpopulation and underpopulation. The methods vary from country to country, ranging from encouraging the use of contraceptives-to legalising abortion and providing incentives for government birth control policies in overpopulated regions, whereas in places with low or zero population growth, Intra-Vitro Fertilisation (IVF) programmes are introduced to reverse the decline.
Generally, overpopulation in a country gives rise to social evils such as overcrowding, unhygienic living environments, poverty and unemployment. At this point, it is only necessary that some population control measures be enforced. However, in the real world the answer is never really simple or definite. One must always consider the political, social and economic consequences of population control.
China and India will make good case studies as they are the two most populated countries in the world.
In India, the human population has hit almost a billion. Although the country is rich in natural resources and its military technology is on par with Superpower nations like America or Russia, to date it is still, considered a third world country because a majority of its population lives within the poverty belt. Given this dire situation, it seems imperative that drastic population controls should be exercised. Despite government efforts to educate the Indian masses on birth controls, they have not succeeded in eliminating the population problems since India is a democratic country and cannot infringe on the people’s freedomBy contrast China, which is the largest communist nation in the world, has enforce -one-child policy with serious penalties for those who do not conform. The Chinese government has predicted that their economy cannot cope with overpopulation. However, since most traditional Chinese families prefer sons to daughters, it has led to numerous tragic instances of parents killing their girls in the hope that the next child will be a boy. Whatever it is, infanticide cannot be condoned as a means to population control.
Another point is that population control that brings desirable consequences in the beginning may backfire in the long run. For instance, during the 70s in Singapore, the government furiously campaigned for couples to stop at two. Later, this idea became deeply entrenched; that today, we are facing the problem of a greying population. Since our economy depends on its human resource for growth, this can be a serious threat. Currently, the government has reversed its policy to encourage couples who are financially stable to have more than two children.
In conclusion, I believe that population control is often necessary. However, trying to control a large percentage of the human population is a complicated process and often has unforeseeable consequences. As such, any government should proceed with caution.
Dasun, Jack, The War Against Population, New York: Ignatias Press 1998 (225 pp.).
Pritchett, Lant H., “Desired Fertility and the Impact of Population Policies,” in Population and Development Review, Vol.22 (no.3), March 1996 (pp.1-55)Rothwell, Betsy, Reproductive Rights & Wrongs: The Global Policies of Population Control, Boston: South Press 1992 (388 pp.).
Population control basically refers to the practice of manipulating the size of any population. It basically refers to limiting the size of the population. Population control can be actually any methodology that is used to control the type, location, and a number of people that inhabit the earth. The tremendous increase in the growth of population takes a toll on the country as well the environment. So, to prevent the environment and the country population control is the need of the hour. Population control is an immediate requirement for the betterment of our living place that is our earth.
The population of human beings is on a constant rise due to better facilities available and the death rate has reduced significantly. Thereby a steep rise in the population is seen. It is extremely necessary to control the growth of population and the importance of population control are as described below:
- First and foremost, the control in the rate of population growth is important for the prevention of shortage of food. The enormous population consumes food to such an extent that if not controlled on an immediate basis would ultimately result in a famine in the near future. Thus, it is extremely important to control the growing population for the prevention of the shortage of food.
- Not only food but also the overall resources of the earth are getting depleted at an alarming rate. So, it becomes very essential to save the resources provided by the earth for the use of the future generation. This ever-increasing population might result in the complete extinction of the human species in a few hundred years. Thus, action should be taken very quickly to save the mankind from extinction and also to save our very own planet “The Earth”.
- Our earth has a carrying capacity. The carrying capacity of the earth is defined as the number of people, animals, crops and other living things that a particular region can support without causing the significant damage or degradation to the environment. Now, this abnormal increase in the population has resulted in a situation that the earth has exceeded the carrying capacity and has resulted in the degradation of the environment to an extreme level and hence it is very important to control this abnormal growth of population.
- Without effective control of the population, there would be an extreme shortage of living space. The fast-growing population is consuming all the property that is available but if this population growth continues like this, then there are high chances that no property will be left and then there will be a shortage of space for living.
- The control of the population is playing a vital role in decreasing the level of unemployment. There are a limited number of jobs available and the number of people applying for the job is increasing day by day. Hence, there is a shortage of jobs which increases the number of unemployed significantly. Even the educated and the qualified are unable to bag a job due to the unavailability of vacant positions.
- Controlling the growth of population plays an important role in the prevention and spread of diseases. This mainly happens in the rural area where most people are illiterate but population growth is high. Once a disease breaks out in the village or any particular area it spreads very quickly and sometimes it may even happen that the whole population of the village perishes. Hence population control is of extreme importance.
- The increase in the population basically affects all the other necessities as well. The children are deprived of better quality education and sometimes even no education at all. The price of all essential commodities goes up due to the increasing demand and shortage of production sometimes to unavailability of the resources to produce the commodity. The other facilities like better medication, better entertainment etc. becomes unavailable to all due to the shortfall. Thus, it is of prime importance to control the highly growing population.
- Finally, population control plays a vital role in the upliftment of the environmental condition. The environment gains are particularly significant and help to maintain a balanced environment with all the conditions that are suitable.
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Thus, one can very well understand the importance of population control so that we can save our environment. Most importantly, the people should be made aware of all the ill effects of high population growth so that they can come forward and take the necessary steps to control the population which will ultimately make our earth a better place to live.