This chapter discusses the relationship between discourse and racism. It argues that discourse both contributes to the (re)production of and fight against racism. In addition to the introduction, the text is divided into three parts. Section 1 provides a selective overview of conceptions of “race” and “racism.” It reconstructs the etymology of “race” and conceptualizes “racism” as discrimination against racialized Others on the basis of the marking of natural and cultural differences between allegedly homogeneous groups, the naturalization of cultural differences, the hierarchization and negative evaluation, and the justification of power differences, exploitation and exclusion. Section 2 offers a synopsis of five discourse analytical approaches to the phenomenon of racism, and an illustration of the discourse-historical approach with an example of political discourse taken from an election campaign in Austria in 2010. Section 3 recapitulates in which sense racism is a multifaceted problem and poses questions relating to our current days
The Routledge Handbook of Language and Politics
by Ruth Wodak and Bernhard Forchtner
The Routledge Handbook of Language and Politics provides a comprehensive overview of this importa... more The Routledge Handbook of Language and Politics provides a comprehensive overview of this important and dynamic area of study and research. Language is indispensable to initiating, justifying, legitimatising and coordinating action as well as negotiating conflict and, as such, is intrinsically linked to the area of politics. With 45 chapters written by leading scholars from around the world, this Handbook covers the following key areas: Overviews of the most influential theoretical approaches, including Bourdieu, Foucault, Habermas and Marx; Methodological approaches to language and politics, covering – among others – content analysis, conversation analysis, multimodal analysis and narrative analysis; Genres of political action from speech-making and policy to national anthems and billboards; Cutting-edge case studies about hot-topic socio-political phenomena, such as ageing, social class, gendered politics and populism. The Routledge Handbook of Language and Politics is a vibrant survey of this key field and is essential reading for advanced students and researchers studying language and politics.