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Paper 2 Essay Ib History Past

What is the structure of this paper?

The paper is divided into the different syllabus topics; there are two essay questions for each topic.

Questions will include ones that are:

Thus it is essential that teachers choose case studies which will allow students to make comparisons across regions.

Students also need to be familiar with the command terms used for essay questions. A student friendly guide to command terms can be found on the page: Essay writing for Paper 2 

How will this paper be marked?

Questions are marked out of 15.

There are generic mark bands for marking the essays. A student-friendly breakdown of the markbands can be found on the page Assessment for Paper 2.

As there is no prescribed content with regards to case studies there is no indicative content as such for examiners - only guidance on how responses should approach the question and suggested content.


With reference to two examples each chosen from a different region, to what extent do you agree with the claim that "ideology was the most important factor in the rise to power of single-party leaders"?

Assess the methods used by EITHER Lenin OR Peron to maintain his regime.

For what reasons, and with what success, have single party states attempted to control either education or the arts?


Compare and contrast the foreign policies of two rulers of single-party states, each

chosen from a different region.

For what reasons, and with what results, were there so many single-party states in the 20th Century?

Compare and contrast the economic and social policies of Mao and Stalin.


How successful was either Lenin (1917-1924) or Mussolini (1922-1943) in solving the problems he faced?


Compare and contrast the influence in their own countries of Hitler and Mao.

To what extent was the rise to power of one left wing and one right wing single party ruler, the result of previous political problems?


In what ways, and to what extent, did either Nasser or Perón improve social and economic conditions?

Examine critically the successes and failures of EITHER Castro OR Mussolini, as a leader of a single-party state.

In what ways, and for what reasons, did the aims and policies of two or more right wing rulers of single-party states differ?

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