Position Essay on Marijuana
The word Marijuana narrates dried flowers, seeds, grass, and is a common name used for a drag made from Cannabis sativa- a plant. Other names to describe marijuana are; bhang, ganja, hemp, and dope. Marijuana is a drug that changes mindset and the perception of everything perceived by brain. The primary ingredient used in marijuana for distracting mind is THC; however, there are hundreds of other chemicals found in the plant. It is, in fact the quantity of THC in marijuana that determines how much it will influence human mind. It is pertinent to mention that drug war is costly and expensive being fought in the society requiring huge amount of resources. The main stakeholders in this war includes; government, black marketers, users buying illegal drugs, those involved in courts, and housed in jails because of selling or using marijuana. One of the surveys suggests that marijuana users in the United States are more than half of the population between ages of eighteen to fifty years. (http://www.alcohol-and-drug-guide.com/marijuana-use-usa.html)
Proponents of Legalizing Marijuana
The intensive debate about marijuana focuses on the subject whether marijuana should be legally allowed in the society or not? Proponents of the issue favoring legalization of marijuana assert that making it legal will, in fact, not increase its consumption and people may themselves make a choice of using it or not. They claim legalization of marijuana will divert demand from other dangerous drugs like heroine and use of marijuana will eventually rise. It is pertinent to mention that marijuana users, similar to other Americans, are not law-breakers rather pay taxes, maintain families, and love their children. Since most of the marijuana using people act like other responsible citizens, the advocates of legalizing marijuana supports they should not be treated like criminals just because they use marijuana and, therefore, ban should be lifted on using marijuana. Moreover, legalizing this substance and imposing tax on marijuana cigarettes will transfer the revenue from the producers and black marketers of marijuana to the government and will increase government income significantly. (Earleywine 118)
Arguments against Legalizing Marijuana
Opponents of legalizing marijuana are of the view that it is a mind-altering drug and as such should not be allowed to become a legal drug. Today, many Americans are using marijuana illegally, although most of the citizens have not even heard the word marijuana. It is used even in low-grades in schools increasing drop out rate. Marijuana users are present in all twelfth grades with twelfth grade students reporting that amphetamines are the easiest drugs that could be obtained by them. (http://www.drugwarfacts.org/cms/node/53)
Using marijuana causes cancers. Moreover, users are more exposed to the risk of accidents. Besides cancers in lung, neck, and head, marijuana causes anxiety, depression, and loss of appetite, diaphoresis, along with restlessness. It is regarded as a drug for losers and has grave impact on peoples' lives changing their normal life style. It is pertinent to highlight that nature has gifted humans with an immune system that is responsible for protecting human body from many diseases. Usage of marijuana damages working of T-cells in the lungs. Resultantly, a user of marijuana is more exposed to diseases. Research conducted on the effects of marijuana shows that continuous using of marijuana leads to injury in lunges destroying them completely. This could ultimately result in breathing problems as users become addictive to the drug. These serious threats caused to human health suggest that marijuana should not be legalized as it would place the drug equivalent to different other drugs including alcohol and tobacco. Besides serious direct risks, there are also grave side-effects of the drug. Using marijuana continuously leads to risky sexual behavior and increases chances of accidents. (Zimmer 202)
Other side effects of marijuana are different psychological problems like depression, anxiety, and anger. Users of marijuana suffer acute feelings of nervousness with obsessed feelings. The users of marijuana have more chances to use other lethal drugs like LSD and heroin. Marijuana legalization is not only supported by the pharmaceutical firms but also different health as well as medical associations comprising medical experts. The Federal Food and Drug Administration is also an opponent to the legalization of marijuana. (Castle 118)
Proponents assert that marijuana legalization will increase revenue of government by levying taxes and there will be a dramatic reduction in the rates of crime and theft. However, studies supported by strong medical evidence highlights that collection of taxes and increasing revenue will be at the cost of human health. The consequences and effects of marijuana, mainly discussed above, create serious health problems and most of them eventually result in death. This main argument in favor of legalizing marijuana of collecting tax is also portraying incorrect picture. Although, selling marijuana legally will be taxed and bring revenue but it will fail to cover the social costs that marijuana places on the nation. For instance, increased chances of accidents, lower level of productivity, and augmented probabilities of anxiety as well as distress conditions among people are the social costs to be paid by the society that are significantly excess of financial revenues earned by the government. (Rosenthal 87)
The paper has focused on presenting arguments for and against on legalizing marijuana. Although, there are some advantages of legalizing marijuana in the country, but the harms and dangers of legalization, supported by medical evidence affecting health as well as social problems, are significant and, therefore it is recommended that marijuana should not be legalized in the nation.
Castle, David Marijuana and Madness: Psychiatry and Neurobiology Cambridge University Press, 2004, p. 118
Earleywine, Mitch Understanding Marijuana: A New Look at the Scientific Evidence Oxford University Press, 2005, p. 118
Rosenthal, Ed Why Marijuana Should be Legal Running Press, 2003, p. 87
Zimmer, Lynn. Marijuana Myths Marijuana Facts: A Review Of the Scientific Evidence. Lindersmith Center, 1997, p. 202
Alcohol- and - Drug- Guide.com. "Marijuana Use USA" Retrieved October 5, 2009 from http://www.alcohol-and-drug-guide.com/marijuana-use-usa.html
Get The Facts Drug WarFacts.org, "Marijuana: Retrieved October 5, 2009 from http://www.drugwarfacts.org/cms/node/53
Marijuana Should Be Legalized
Marijuana is one of the substances that has received a lot of attention in the public domain in the recent years. This is because of the debate that it has attracted over its use. Marijuana is one if the illegal substances that is being used by several people for numerous reasons. Some people use the marijuana for recreation, while others use it for medical purposes. There has been a significant number of forces advocating for the legalization of the marijuana. However, there are other forces that are opposing the efforts to legalize the marijuana because it is perceive to be detrimental to human health. The use of marijuana should be legalized because it has various medical, economic and social benefits.
Limiting the use of marijuana is one of the factors that affects personal freedom in very many ways. This is because people who the substance make their decisions that influence them to use the substance. The use of marijuana is also perceived to be an activity that is a victimless crime because it is only the person who needs to use it who can get the harms associated with the drug. Therefore, legalization of the substance can assist in giving the person sufficient space and freedom to make the decisions.
The laws that are against the use of marijuana ado not have re moral authority to advocate against the substance. This is because most of the drugs that are legal have more effects on human health the marijuana. For instance, cigarettes are associated with numerous chronic medical conditions and yet it is allowed. The use of alcohol is also associated with a large number of organ malfunctions and health hazards and yet its use is legitimate. Therefore, marijuana is better to in terms of its effects to human body that most of the legal substances and thus its use should be legalized.
Legalization of marijuana can assist in reducing its price and thus promote the economic positions of the users. The high price of the substance is attributed to a numerous number number of factors that include the high risk of the transportation and production. As a result, this is likely to reduce the crimes that are associated with the high prices like theft. Most of the people who are already addicted to the drug and cannot afford the high funds that are used in purchasing it resort to stealing in order to raise the funds.
The legalization of marijuana can assist saving the resources of the government. This is because the police and other agencies that deal with the issues associated with marijuana can be relieved from these duties. These police officers can as well be used in reducing other forms of crime in the society. There is a big number of people who are committed to the activities of arresting and prosecuting people who use the marijuana. Therefore, this is also something that can boost the society through reducing other crimes because these law enforcing agencies can concentrate in other crimes that are against the wish of the people in the society. Legalization of Marijuana can be very essential towards boosting the economy. This is because legalization of the substance can assist in giving the people the morale to venture into large scale production. As result, the amount of produce of the substance is likely to increase. The government can get the opportunity of taxing the farmers once they take their produce to the market and make more revenue. This revenues can be used in promoting other development projects that can also enhance the growth of the economy.
Legalization of marijuana can assist in reducing the number of conflicts that arise as a result of the sale of the substance. This will assist in eradicating the use of street justice in handling matters that are associated with the use of marijuana. The legalization of marijuana will initiate the formation of the frameworks and structures that can be used to guide the acquisition and the sale of the substance. This will enhance order in the industry and promote smooth operation of the processes associated with the drug. This will; reduce the amount of violence among the drug-dealers because most of the conflicts will be handled in the courts.
Marijuana has chemical substances that have medical value. Therefore, the legalization of marijuana can assist in encouraging the exploitation of the natural capabilities of the medical substance. One of the medical benefits of the marijuana includes its use in the treatment of the chemotherapy patients. Therefore, the legalization of the substance will be a major boost to the cancer patients. This will also give room for researcher to try to look for other medical values of the substance because its production and availability will increase in the society. The ultimate effects of this is the enhancement of the healthcare industry.
The legalization of the substance will be essential in the reduction of joblessness. This is because this will assist most of the people who are jobless to be involved in the production activities associated with the drug. Some of the people who are jobless will also get the opportunity to have some outlets that can participate in selling the substance. This can also amount to economic development because it will assist in reducing the number of people who are jobless. Through this, the crime activities in the streets can also be reduced significantly.
Legalization of the substance can assist in increasing the level of responsibility in the society. This is because when the people are given the freedom to choose, they are likely to know what is not suitable for them. Most of the people who are engaged in the use of marijuana are tempted to use it because of the curiosity. The people should be given a chance to enhance their moral and ethical standards in the society. If high level of freedom are given to the people, they get the opportunity to exercise accountability because they will consult their personal values and cultural perspectives to determine what is good and bad for their lives and health. In conclusion, legal prohibition does not stop the users and the venders of the drugs from engaging in their activities. Most of the people who are already using marijuana are able to get the substance any time they want it. As a result, this has increased the number of illegal vendors and drug traffickers who take the chance to exploit the people and also commit other forms of crimes. Legalization of marijuana will assist in eliminating these traffickers and create a good business opportunity for licensed suppliers. Consequently, marijuana should be legalized in order to uphold the integrity to humanity through promoting autonomy to the decision-making processes of the people.
Need help with term paper? Professional paper writing service for college students.