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......... ~„....... Matura

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Podręcznik dopuszczony do użytku szkolnego przez ministra właściwego do spraw oświaty i wychowania i wpisany do wykazu podręczników przeznaczonych do kształcenia ogólnego do nauczania języka angielskiego, na podstawie opinii rzeczoznawców: prof. dr hab. Krystyny Droździał-Szelest, dr Moniki Stawickiej, mgr Agnieszki Pukowskiej.

Poziom: B1/B1+. Zakres kształcenia: podstawowy i rozszerzony. Etap edukacyjny: IV Typ szkoły: szkoły ponadgimnazjalne. Rok dopuszczenia 2014. Numer

~V11id9ncviinv

4

p. 5 GLR!Y;t-TI."Y'. Ouantifiers

.e.:.,15 Friendship

pp. 12-13 Clothes and accessories; verb phrases to do with dothes; synonyms appearance and personality Reading: Facebook profile photos and what they mean p.21

ml Exam Focus: prawda/ fałsz

Pronunciation: numbers Vocabulary: relationship phrases

p. 26 Narrative tenses

pp. 36-37. Travel; means of transport; collocations; phrasal verbs; air travel (from departure to arrival} ;_compound nouns; verb phrases Reading: Travelling for a living

p. 38 Present and past speculation

2

I

pp.22-23 a person

Słownictwo

pp.28-29 AParalympic athlete m!Exam focus: dobieranie nagłówków do akapitów Vocabulary: phrasalverbs

l p. 30 Verb patterns

p. 32 m!A narrative

giving an opinion; agreeing and disagreeing

pp. 40-41 Memorable p.39 Different holiday holidays experiences m!Exam Focus: dobieranie ll!aExam Focus: wybór Vocabulary: wild animals wielokrotny Pronunciation: word stress Vocabułary: compound nouns - trave!

i gramatyka

Środki językowe: minidialogi; wybór wielokrotny

pp.34-35

l.Vocabulary: linkers

p.42 Used to and wou/d p.43 [IAsking for and giving advice

Słownictwo

i gramatyka

Środki językowe: pary zdań; parafraza zdań Słuchanie: dobieranie Czytanie: dobieranie nagłówków Mówienie: rozmowa z odgrywaniem roli Pisanie: blog

p.44 m'.IA personal email

1'

Czytanie: wybór wielokrotny Mówienie: ilustracja Pisanie: e-mail

l. pp.46-47

Słownictwo i gramatyka Środki językowe: tłumaczenie fragmentów zdań; wybór wielokrotny

1

Słuchanie:

wybór-wielokrotny Pisanie: e-mail Mówienie: rozmowa wstępna; rozmowa z odgrywaniem roli

I p. 50 Future time clauses

.e.:" 51 Diets [tJJExam Focus: dobieranie Pronunciation: vowel sou nds Vocabulary: collocations -food

pp. 52-53. Food consumption !mExam Focus: wybór wielokrotny Vocabulary: phrasal verbs -food

p. 54 Future Continuous "F~'55 l]ln a restaurant and Future Perfect Grammar: indirect questions

I I

.e: 63 Eco school

pp. 64-65 Satellite technology and the llaExam Focus: wybór environment wielokrotny Pronunciation: word stress !mExam Focus: dobieranie: uzupełnianie luk Vocabulary: compound Vocabułary: adjective-noun nouns - the environment collocations pp. 76-77 A story about a disease Im Exam Focus: wybór wielokrotny Vocabulary: wordfamilies - health issues

I

p. 66 Non-defining relative clauses

i gramatyka Środki językowe: minidialogi; pary zdań

. Czytanie: wybór wielokrotny Mówienie: rozmowa wstępna; ilustracja Pisanie: e-mail

! p. 67 lli:I Expressing and

I

I

j justifying an opinion;

I p. 78 Third Conditional

P-=.75 Charity events mlExam Focus: wybór wielokrotny Pronunciation: vowel sounds Vocabulary: compound nouns - health issues

p. 86 Reported Speech - statements; reporting verbs

P.:.88-89Vlogging .e.:.,87 Viral videos UilExam Focus: dobieranie ~Exam Focus: dobieranie nagłówków Pronunciation: word Vocabulary: phrasal verbs families and word stress Vocabulary: words with two meanings

p. 90 Reported Speech - questions and imperatives

p. 98 The Passive

.e.:.,99 A young ex-offender

pp. 100-101 An e.xtract from a novel l]Exam Focus: dobieranie: uzupełnianie luk Vocabulary: collocations withmake

p. 102 Have something done

Focus: wybór wielokrotny Pronunciation: word stress Vocabulary: verb-noun collocations

pp. 58-59 Słownictwo

describing and contrasting pictures

p. 74 Second Conditional; wish/if only

~ Exam

p. 56 m!Formal/

Iinformal si:yle

'1

I

I

pp. 96-97 Human qualities; suffixes - forming nouns and adjectives; verb phrases; society Reading: And here is the I good news ... j p. 105 Word List

p.19 a photo Vocabulary: adjective order

i ep.16-17Genes Uli Exam Focus: wybór wielokrotny Vocabułary: compound adjectives - appearance

I

pp'.60-61 Geography; p. 62 Articles: no article, geographical features; verb a/an or the cołlocations; word families; natura! world Reading: Living with natura! .disasters 1 p.69 .

!

.e.:.,27 Role models U4]Exam Focus: dobieranie Pronunciation: long vowel sou nds Vocabulary: word fam iii es - personal qualities

pp. 48-49 Food - fish and vegetables; antonyms - describing food; word families - describing food; fruit and vegetables Reading: Fussy Eaters p.57

p.10 Modal verbs for obligation and norm1cc1r.n

I

pp. 24-25 Sport; compound nouns; sport collocations; people in sport Reading and listening: Sports Quiz p.33

I

First and p. 9 Second Conditionals

p.6 Present Perfect and Past Simple Vo•catlul<~rv: Shops

I p. 79. doctor's "Iappo1ntment

p. 91 fm.Asking for Ipermission; polite requests I

I Italking p. 103 fmOpinions: about advantages and disadvantages

p. 80 m!A forma! email/letter expressing an opinion

p.92 artide reviewing an event Vocabulary: adjectives and modifiers

p.104 essay

opinion

pp.106-107 i gramatyka

Słownictwo

Środki językowe: uzupełnianie zdań; uzupełnianie luk

Czytanie: dobieranie Mówienie: materiał stymulujący Pisanie: rozprawka

Read REMEMBER THIS. Then complete the cartoon caption with the correct verb forms.

Read the descriptions again and choose the correct quantifier. Then listen and check. Did you guess the correct countries? 5

Write a similar description of the national dish in your cguntry.

6

Read REMEMBER THIS. Then complete the cartoon caption with any, some, many, much, few or little.

In pairs, try to note down a type of food or drink for each letter of the alphabet. How many can you think of in sixty seconds?

In pairs, complete the table with as many words as you can. You have sixty seconds. Then describe your own house to your partner.

2 Complete the table with your words from Exercise 1 and write the plural form of the countable nouns. Then tick the food or drink you like most and compare with a partner. Countable nouns

Uncountable nouns

2 Draw a plan of your favourite room. label everything in the room (fumiture, shelves, etc.). Use your plan to describe the room to your partner.

3 Test your knowledge of national dishes in four English-speaking 3

countries. Match descriptions A-D with countries 1-4.

look at the photographs and listen to three teenagers talking about their unusual homes. What advantages or disadvantages do they mention?

1 Australia

4_ _

Man: Yes, but I My grandma

(you/ever/live) in a real house?

5_ _

6_ _

(prefer) my tree-house.

(stay) with me at the moment.

2 England

3 lreland

4 USA

I t' s a simple dish: you cook 1 any I larnb, 2 a lot ef I a litLle potatoes and a ew I a little onions together. 4 Much I Some people add carrots and other vcgctablcs, but experts say that the real stew doesn't have 5 any I some other vegetables. pancakes with a 3_ _ _ honey on.

(3RAMMAR FOCUS page 108-109 In pairs, cross out the incorrect tense. Then tell your

partner which sentences are true for you. 1 ./-kA.ew I f've known my best friend since I was a chi Id. 2 I don't wear I f'm not wearing jeans today.

3 I've had I I have the same phone for more than a year. 4 I don't like I l'm not liking fish. 5 I 've bee n I l've gone abroad severa I times. 6 I go I l'm going to church every Sunday.

8 Complete the questions in the most appropriate tense: Present Simple, Present Continuous or Present Perfect.

Complete the sentences with the correct name from Exerdse 3. Then listen again and check.

4

1

's father is a teacher.

2

often meets interesting people.

2 Who _ _ (live) in yo ur house, apart from you?

3

has never been late for class.

3 Who usually _ _ (do) the cooking in your family?

4

has lived in the same place since he/she was born.

4 How long _ _ (you/be) at your current address?

5

is living on a boat at the moment.

5

6

doesn't have to make his/her bed.

6 How long _ _ (it/take) to getto school?

come from)?

1

4

Is

8 Why _ _ (you/learn) English?

9

Do you put

In pairs, ask and answer the questions in Exercise 8.

cups of tea do you drink? 6

__

sugar in your tea?

Man: No, I don't have 7 ____, _ sugar

l'm on a diet.

GRAMMAR FOCUS page 110 I t' s hard to choose one national dish for this huge country because there are so 8 many I much regional dishes. But 9few I little people can resist the most popular dish in this country: a big hamburger with 10 any I lots efchips and tomato sauce.

7

Use one of the quantifiers in brackets to write sentences with the opposite meaning. I eat a lot of pasta. (much I many) 2 I eat lots of meat. (many I much) 3 There are some good restaurants near my

There aren't 11 some Iany 'national dishes', but there are 12 a little I afew favourites: mcat pies, roast lamb and vegetables, barbequed steak and sausages.

house. (some Iany) 4 I drink a lot of coke. (very little I very few) 5 My mother bakes a lot of cakes. (much I many) 6 I had some cereal for breakfast. (any I many) 7 I used to eat lots of vegetables. (very little I

(your family/ever/move) house?

7 _ _ (you/ever/go) to a really good house party?

How similar are you to the teenagers in Exercise 4? Make questions and ask your partner.

5

How

Roast beef and Yorkshire pudding is a popular dish for Sunday lunchtime, but 6 much I most people say that fish and chips is the national dish. Unfortunately, it's been so popular that there isn't 7 much I many cod left in the sea!

4_ _

lamb - baranina, jagnięcina stew - gulasz ',-,,~,we-,--~---~,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,_,,_,_,,,,"__ ,,_,,~~--- roast beef - pieczeń wołowa cod-dorsz - ciasto z nadzieniem mięsnym oamE~cu.Jed steak - stek z grilla

very few) 8 I do lots of cooking at home. (much I many)

8

Tick the affirmative or negative sentences in Exercise 7 that are true for you. Compare with a partner.

5

Read REMEMBER THIS. Complete the captions with one word in each gap.

Read REMEMBER THIS. Complete the cartoon caption with the Present Perfect or the Past Simple.

In pairs, think of a shopping mall or a main street that you both know. List all the different types of shops you can find there. You have sixty seconds.

In pairs, list all the dothes you can think of in sixty seconds.

look at the shops you have listed in Exercise 1 and say which ones you go into regularly, sometimes or never.

Put the words from Exercise 1 into different groups 1-5. Some items can go into more than one group.

~~=---=~::.:;;,;...:..= (just/buy) a really

1 ltems usually worn by women only:

nice pullover. I 2 _ _ (see) it in a magazine last week.

Read the blog entry and the comments. Choose the most appropriate tense. What is a 'flashmob'?

2 ltems usually worn by men only: 3 Outdoor items: 4 Forma! items:

5 ltems you would never wear: 3

Complete these interview answers using the words in the box. Which person is most like you?

I L

3

1 __

as (x2) the (x2)

enough more (x2) too richer

most

than (x3)

J

(not buy) anything at the new the

mall yet, but I 4_ _ (buy) a nice pullover online last weekend. I 5_ _ (already/wear) it a lot.

I thihk l'm very geod with money. I don't have much money though because rm still at school, but l'm careful than my brother. For example, he spends his birthday money as soon as he gets it. Also he's older 2 . me and has a weekend job, so he's 3 than I am. To be honest, I think expensive thing l've he's stupid with his money. The 4 ever bought is a leather jacket, and that was second-hand, so it wasn't 5 expensive as a new one. I don't go out much but I just like staying at - Tom says l'm not sociable 6 home.

GRAMMAR FOCUS page 110-'-111 1€j;e you ever s~/ Did you ever see a flashmob? I've just seen one for the first time. I was in the Central shopping mall this fl!QJnin.~tvvith my mum. When we 2 've come ou~_of/~(,~~e out o)':a clothes shop, vve 3 've heard I hear~-Ioud music and 4 've seen /sa.w a woman who·wasda11c:ing on her own. Then·a few more people 5~~ve started I started dancing. In the en~,•.• there were aboutforty people dancing. It 6 has been Fwas) really professional. After about ten minutes th~. music 7 has stopped /stopped;and they 8 've wal~e4 l.W.l1lkę~~­ away. It's one of the most exciting thingsI 9 've ·ever seenJ

Complete Ruth and Simon's conversation. Use the Present Perfect or the Past Simple. Then listen and check. Why is Ruth worried? R: Hi Simon. How are you doing? S: Really well! I

(just/finish) my exams.

R: Oh great. Lucky you. I 2_ _ (notffinish/yet)--three more to go. S: Oh well, good luck. Listen,

3

__

(yóu/ever/see)

a flashmob? R: Yes, I 4 _ _ (see) one on

a few online. Yesterday,

I 8_ _ (watch) a surprise flashmob for a girl's 18th

I 10 'v~ just arrived / just arriiJed ..at the Central mall now and I 11 've already heard I (llready heard about the flashmob everybody's talking about if. I'm sorry I missed it.

birthday. R: Oh, right! S: So I want to organise one for my sister's birthday. Will you help me? You have to learn a dance.

I 12 saw / 've seen the flashmob at the mall this morning - it was really exc:iting. I've 13 've just watched /just watched a few more online. There are same really good ones !

R: Dance? Are you sure?

9

(you/ask) anybody else yet?

S: Yes, I 1°_ _ (already/ask) lots of people.

1

11

(speak) to Sally five minutes ago and she said R: But she's a good dancer and l'm not! 1

S: Don t worry, we have plenty of time.

1

12

6

6

In pairs, discuss whether you think flashmobs are a good birthday surprise. What other types of surprise can you organise for someone's birthday?

4

the ones

__

now.

Complete the sentences with too or not enough and the adjective in brackets. Which sentences are true for you? 1

r d like to buy designer clothes, but they are ~:'.....!::1'.:::::.t'--"~~.s::.· (expensive).

2 I want to learn to drive but l'm

. (old)

_ _ .(big) 4 My brother never lends me money because he is

. (mean)

5 My parents won't let me have a motorbike. They say it is

7

bad

cheap

interesting

listen and check your answers in Exerdse 3. Who is more like you: Zoey or Tom?

funny

stylish

intelligent valuable

good

1 What is _ _ _ item of clothing you have? 3 Where is

4

. (dangerous)

Complete the questions with the superlative forms of adjectives in the box or your own ideas. Then ask your partner.

2 Who is

(not choose) the music yet!

6

in the shops, but I think they'll be long

your old

3 ........... -

3 l'd like a larger bed, but my room is

l'm 7 generous than Zoey. In fact, l'm probably 8_ __ generous! lf I have money, I spend it. l'm richer than Zoey because I work at the weekend but she's me so she more careful 9 always has money and I never have any. Actually, I think Zoey's 10_ __ meanest person I know! My clothes are mare expensive 11 Zoey's, but I buy expensive clothes because people who make cheap clothes have 12_~-­ worst working conditions in the world. I spend a lot of money on going out. Zoey isn'·t 13 popular as I am so she stays at home morel

a real one.

S: Me neither, but I

__

ones. They may not be as fashionable

yesterday. lt 5_ _ /_

(be) fantastic. But I 6

2

1

Don t worry love. These are longer

person you know? clothes shop in your town?

4 What is

possession you have?

5 Who is

celebrity you know?

7

Choose the most appropriate future form in this second conversation between Emma and Luke. Then listen and check.

structure do you use to show that something is not real, or not probable now?

Emma: Hi Luke, what time is it? Luke:

2 o'clock in the afternoon.

@i goinij9;>1 /'// buy the cinema

1

tickets online - are you sure you're coming? Emma: Yeah - what time? Luke: look at the table and tick the things you have watched or read this week. Compare with a partner. Things you watch

I/'// get there early. We want

lt starts at 7.30 but 2 /'m

Match words and phrases to make common collocations. You have sixty seconds.

good seats, don 't we? Emma: Yeah, we do. Luke:

Things you read

3

/'m going to

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

lift with my mum. Do you want us to

pick you up? Emma: Please.

documentaries

poems

video elips

textbooks

adverts

detective novels

action films

song lyrics

OK. -7.We're going td I We'// pick you up at 6.45. OK? Emma: Great. s/'m going~ to I J'!I buy the popcorn! Luke:

7

Read REMEMBER THIS. Then complete the cartoon captions with appropriate future forms.

2 In

a to Facebook b your desktop computer

print a

c your password

chat

profile photo

follow

f music

click

gon an app

1'11 do the dishes every night.

h online i document j website

9 visit a 1 O change your

How often do you do the things in Exercise 1? Put ./ (often), and X (never). Compare your answers with a partner.

Listen to Emma and Luke arranging to go to the dnema. When is the new Hunger Games film coming out and when do they arrange to see it?

1 (sometimes)

3

In pairs, complete the First Conditional statements with the correct form of the verbs in brackets. Which statements do you agree with?

1 lf you a happy,

lf we got you a new computer, we'd never see you

(play) video games all the time, you won't be

heafth~ person.

GRAMMAR FOCUS page 113

2 You _ _ (get) bad marks at school if you don't stop spending so

much time online.

4

lf you get me a new computer,

somebody on Twitter

switch on

8 type in

pairs, complete the table with as many more ideas as you can in sixty seconds. Then discuss what you watdi or read most.

3

log on

download

7

In pairs, do the questionnaire in Exercise 5 and compare your answers. Then listen to Jake and Maria answering the questions. Who is most like you?

8

Complete the extracts from the conversation between Jake and Maria. Then listen again and check.

3 You _ _ (not have) any real friends if you use social networking. 4 lf you _ _ (use) social networking, you'll lose your privacy. 5 You _ _ (not sleep) very well if you go online just before you go

Complete Emma and Luke's diaries with the events in the box. Usten again and check your answers.

to bed.

Football 9.30 Dentist 7.00 Babysitting Wedding

the books first.

4

Listen to an interview and check your ideas in Exercise 3. Do you think you are addicted to technology?

5

Complete the Second Conditional questions in the questionnaire with the correct form of a verb in the box.

be

have to

spend

1 lf I

(have) €500 to spend, I _ _ _ (buy)

new speakers.

2 lf I _ _ (have to) give up my phone, I

tra vel

(notable to) go online.

3 I _ _ (not care) if my friend

(text)

someone else the whole time. 4 lf I _ _ _ (have) time to blog,

GRAMl\llAR FOCUS page 112-113 Luke's diary

Moming

8

____ (blog) about music.

Copy a diary page from Exercise 4 and write in at least three things you have arranged to do next weekend. In pairs, try to find a time when you can both go to the cinema.

In pairs, explain why Emma and Luke can't go to the dnema on Friday evening, Saturday afternoon or evening, or Sunday afternoon. What future form do you use?

(go) to the cinema

2 lt's very cold. lt looks like it 3 I haven't got any plans this evening. I 4 My friend __~_ (have) a

5 I don't think England 6 l've decided that I

8

9

Use an appropriate conditional form to complete true sente n ces abo ut yourself. 1 lf I

Complete the sentences with an appropriate future form of the verbs in brackets. Then tick any sentences that are true for you.

1 I

5

l _ _ _ (can).

A: B:

Afternoon

Evening

5 I think I _ _ _ (go) to 1970 if

18th birthday party next month. ~he n~xt World Cup.

if you had €500 to spend on

2 lf I

lf you give up one of your devices (laptop, phone, etc.), which one could you live without? łf you with a friend and t~e friend the whole time texting someone else, how would you fee!? lf you had a blog, what would you blog about? lf could time travel, what time _ _ you _ _ to?

(get) some money for my next

birthday, 1'11 save it. (find) f1 ,OOO in the street, ...

3 lf I _ _ (not have) any homework this evening, ...

4 lf it

(be) nice weather tomorrow, ...

5 lf I _ _ (can) drive, ...

6 lf my parents (win) the lottery, ... 7 lf I _ _ (live) to be 150, ... 8 lf everybody _ _ (think) the same as me, ...

Read REMEMBER THIS. Complete the gaps in the caption with to if necessary.

Make one sentence from two using the relative pronoun in brackets. Are any sentences true for you? l've got an uncle. He started a business. (who) 2 My father dnves a car. The car belongs to his company. (that)

3 There's a college in my city. You can do

In pairs, list all the jobs you can think of in sixty seconds.

business studies there. (where)

In pairs, list all the school and university subjects you can think of in sixty seconds.

4 l've got a sister. She works in a shop. (that)

2

2 Put the subjects you have listed in Exercise 1 in order according to 1) interest, 2) difficulty, 3) usefulness.

3

Read about three different types of parent. Cross out the incorrect modals or verb phrases.

Put the jobs from Exerdse 1 into different groups 1-6. Same jobs can go into more than one group.

5 One day l'd like to get a job. The job includes

1 Jobs that pay a high salary:

6 l've got a part-time job. I don't enjoy it. (that)

2 Jobs which involve long hours: 3 Jobs where you can do overtime:

foreign travel. (which)

6

4 Jobs for people who are creative:

this evening?

Read Louis's story. Cross out the underlined relative pronouns if possible. Then listen and check.

5 Jobs that are useful for society: 6 Jobs which you would like to do:

3 B!Dll~ETTI Read the text and choose the correct relative pronouns. Then listen and check. Are you an entrepreneur? What is an entrepreneur?

are strict and say their children ... • needn't I must be the No 1 student in every subject except P.E. and Drnma. • have to I aren't allowed to play the piano or violin only and must I mustn't play any other instrument. • need to I don 't have to show respect for them. • can I are not allowed to play computer games or watch TV.

Entrepreneurs are people

reality. They enjoy being in situations 2 who I that challenge they don't fol low the crowd. They want to create things 4 where I homework first. Then you need

3_ _

practise your violi n.

for bed because you have

5

that inspire otAer people. At school they often have problems who I which teach them important life skills. There are many successful entrepreneurs 6 which I who start life with little money or education. There are plenty of col leges 7 which I where you can learn business skills, but there is one essential quality 8 where I that they can't teach you in college: passion!

get up early ...

5

6RAMMAR FOCUS page 114

5 Complete the questions using you and each modal/verb phrase in the box at least once. Then ask your partner the questions.

to

can

have

to]

4

1 _ __,__ _~_ learn the violin?

Read REMEMBER THIS. Complete the caption with an appropriate relat.ive pronoun.

2 _______ watch TV in your room? 3

6

keep your phone on overnight?

4

have regular house parties with your friends?

5

arrive home before midnight?

6

keep your bedroom clean and tidy?

Complete these descriptions of two different types of teacher. Use one word in each gap. Then listen and check. THE STRICT TEACHER: She stands at the front of the class and you to listen to her. When she asks a question, you're not

are non-traditional and say their children ... • mustn 't I are allowed to do more or less whatever they want. • have to I needn't be top of the class. • don 't have to I mustn 't follow many rules - they can usually make their own decisions. • · can I must call them by their first names instead of 'Mum' and 'Dad'.

2 __ 3

call out the answer. You have to put your hand in the air. You

7

to

__

talk in class and you have to do your homework, on time, no excuses.

allowed

4

__

call out answers and sometimes, you

by his first name. You have 7_ _

6_ _

5

__

2 When is the last time _ _ you ate a bar of

call him

need to do it exactly on time. But there are rules. You

chocolate? 3 Is there a shop in your town or city _ _ you

__

can buy good chocolate?

use your phone in class, and when you talk to your classmates, it 9

7

__

4 When is the last time _ _ you bought

to be about the subject of the lesson.

In pairs, discuss the questions. • What other types of teacher can you think of?

doesn't like

chocolate?

do your homework, but you 8

Complete the questions. Add an appropriate relative pronoun if necessary. Then discuss the questions with your partner. 1 Do you know anyone

THE RELAX.EO TEACHER: The opposite of the strict teacher. You are

enjoyable. I work in a place I work with people

3

__

2 _ _ 1 don't

have to wear a suit.

are happy and relaxed. I have a job

4

makes my friends jealous. l'm a water slide tester! Weeeee! ! !

What are the most important qualities for a teacher? • What type of teacher do you think you would be?

10

entrepreneur frorn England 1 who has a passion for chocolate. When he was 11 he was having difficulties at schoo1 so his parents found a tutor 2 who could teach hirn at home. One day he made a cake 3 that his farnily and friends enjoyed so much that they asked hirn to make rnore. He learnt about different ways of making chocolate and at the age of 12 he set up a company 4 which he called 'Chokolit'. The name is inspired by the prob1ems 5 that he has had with spelling! He is interested in environrnental protection so he never uses ingredients 6 that darnage the environment. He also works with a cooperative in the Caribbean 7 where they run all their machinery with solar power. By the age of 15 Louis had becorne a qualified 'chocolatier' and one of the youngest entrepreneurs in the world.

them. They are the kind of people 3 that I which take risks and

be allowed

are overprotective and say their children ... • can't I must do anything dangerous. • can 't I need to find their own strengths and weaknesses. • have to I aren't allowed to discuss their problems and worries with them. • must I can 't call them regularly when they are not at home.

@! which can turn dreams into

1

somebody a box of chocolates? __

5 Do you know anyone _ _ works in the food industry? 6 How important is it to eat food _ _ doesn't

6RAMMAR FOCUS page 115

damage the environment?

11

7

Complete WORD STORE 1A with the words from Exerdse 5. Then listen, check and repeat.

8

In pairs, describe the type of dothes you would wear in the following situations. Add any useful words to WORD STORE 1A.

In pairs, put the words in the box under an appropriate heading. ~

You never to make

trainers Andrew Grant

caring curly hair outgoing top

Personality

2

hard-working selfish suit

Appearance

at school at home on a night out at a wedding on a walk in the mountains at the beach at a house party

tall

Clothes

Add more words to each list. Which words can you use to describe your partner? ·

9

" Show what you know - persona lity, appearance, clothes " clothes and accessories " verb phrases to do with clothes "synonyms - appearance and personality Words for free- personality „ relationship phrases

Complete WORD STORE 1 B. Match the verb phrases in the box below with the definitions. Then listen, check and repeat.

but I 'm also cool,

3

Read the text about Facebook profile photos. Match photos 1-4 with descriptions A-F. There are two descriptions that you do not need.

J 1 O Complete the questions with an appropriate verb. Then ask your partner.

" compound adjectives " Word in focus - look

l'm really popular, l'm one of the gang! eyes or hair? 2 Which colours and styles do you think



dynamie and state verbs Present Perfect Continuous

3 How long does it take you to 4 Do your last year's clothes

5 Do you

changed when

you best?

dressed for a party? you? get home from school?

„ a radio programme about friends~ip

11

„ an article about genes

Complete WORD STORE 1 C with the adjectives in red from the text. Then listen, check and re pe at.

1 2 Choose the best alternative to complete the sentences. Ania knows a lot about art and fashion. She's very adventurous

You're in your late teens, but you post a cute photo of yourself as a baby.

2 Greg's really childish. I think boys are more gorgeous I

What it means: Look, I used to be cute and adorable, and I stili am! And \ maybe l'm a bit immature and childish and I don't want to grow up.

girls at that age.

I

3 charming sometimes.



prawda/fałsz str.

5

15

4 What a beautiful baby! Look at herEu'te;; ____."' stylish little nose! 5 The two older children are quite rude, but the youngest is absolutely adorable I {magf~atlve.

listen again and tick the items of dothing that you hear.

.... ,

13 Think of three people you have a photo of - on your phone, on your desktop or in your wallet. Describe them to your partner. Use words from WORD STORE 1 C.

Pisanie:



Grammar Focus Reference and Practice str. 115-116 WORD STORE booklet str. 2-3 Workbook str. 16-25 MyEnglishlab

12

14

4 m!mll{~~~ Listen to four Facebook users describing their profile photos. Which photo in Exercise 3 does each person describe? • Angie



Tim

„ „

ó

In pairs, discuss the questions.



What other types of Facebook profile photos can you think of? Describe them.

Becky

What Facebook profile photo do/would you use?

Jon

Describe it and say why.

Complete WORD STORE 1 D. Translate the Words for free. Then listen and repeat.

15 In pairs, write true example sentences for ead1 of the Words for free.

4

1

lmagine you are going to a weekend music festival in the summer. In pairs, discuss what you would wear.

2

Read and listen to Jo Mack and answer the questions. Who does she work for?

2 Where is she now? 3 What is she doing there?

Read and listen to Jo's interview with Anna. Dedde which of the underlined verb phrases are state verbs and which are dynamie verbs.

Jo:

Hi! l'm reporting on festival fashion for HIP magazine. I like your hat. Anna: Thanks. I don't usually wear hats. But it's really hot, so l'm wearing this baseball cap. lt belongs to my boyfriend. He doesn't need it because he isn't here today. He's revising for his exams! Jo: Oh, that's a shame. Anna: No, it's OK. My boyfriend hates festivals. & prefers listening to music at home.~ want to see the White Stripes - I listen to their music all the time!

1

5 ED!il~~§J Complete Jo's interview with

2

'A friend is someone who knows everything about you and stil{ likes you. 1

Work in pairs. Read sayings A-C about friendship and discuss the questions.

1 Which saying do you like best? Why? 2 What qualities should a close friend have?

3 How would you complete the sentence: A true friend ... ?

Tom with the correct present form of the verbs in brackets. Then listen and check.

1 Jenny's got 2 I 5 or 6 I more than 10 close Hi! l'm reporting on festival fashion for HIP magazine. fi..=-.::..:::......::..::..:;+.::::..;::.i..::.::..::::::;1.. (you/enjoy) the Yes, I

as a fashion editor for HIP magazine. I must have the best job in the world because today „,~,.n.·,yu" at the COACHELLA music festival in California. The is What is the "Festival Look" this year?' Ten Hc·t'::c'";„,."' to music here and I the temperature is 32°. I the Killers are on later and about going to see them, but right now to people about what and why. 1

2 Jenny's got 31313301333 online friends. 3 Fraser's got no 1213 or 4 close friends of the opposite sex.

2

(have) a really good time. (love) your T-shirt. Oh, thanks! lt's my festival T-shirt! Oh, it 4 (look) great. But why 5_ __ (you/wear) jeans? lt's so hot! My legs are very skinny and so I 6_ __ (never/wear) shorts, even in summer. In fact, I7 (not have) any shorts! Jo: So which bands 8 (you/want) to see today? (like) the Foo Fighters, but I 10_ __ Tom: I 9 (not know) when they're on. 1 11 (look) for . a festival programme. 12

Jo: I have one here - oh, they Tom: Oh right - thanks! See you.

6

friends.

I3

Jo:

'The can

listen to a radio programme about friendship and choose the correct numbers. What numbers would be true for you?

3

Match words and phrases a-f from the radio programme with the underlined phrases in Exercise 4.

chocolate. 1

Listen ~to four dialogues. Match the dialogues with descriptions A-E. There is one extra description.

A They get on really well together. B They've lost touch. c They don't have much in common. D They're always there for each other.

2

3 4

E They've fal len out.

7

a socialises - :..:.:.:..:..::.:.;.1t.:::::_.::::..:.= b lose to uch with - _ _ __

Compiete the questions with an appropriate prE~pcisition or particie. What do you have

c has a lot in common with - _ __

2 Why do you get

d is always there foryou- _ __

common with your best friend? so well together?

3 Have you ever fallen ____ ?

e fallen out- _ _~

4 Where do you usually hang 5 Do you think you'll ever lose touch

f gets on wel I with - _ __

8

(play) now.

mirror you is an ald friend. 1

? each other?

In pairs, think about your best friend and ask and answer the questions in Exercise 7.

programme again. Are statements 1-6 true (T) or false (F)?

3 Read the GRAMMAR FOCUS and look at the verbs in blue in the text. Which verbs describe an action and which describe a state?

6

look at Jo's interview with Tom again. Find two verbs with both dynamie and stative meanings and explain the differences in meaning.

7 Write true sentences about yourself with the

1 Jenny has a good relationship with all her online friends.

2 Jenny thinks it takes time to become close friends.

Most verbs have dynamie meanings. They describe actions: something 'happens'. You can use them with sim ple or continuous forms.

affirmative or negative form of an appropriate present tense.

3 Jenny says friends sometimes stop

I as a fashion editor for HIP magazine. at the COACHELLA music festival. Today

1 I 2 I 3 I

had an argument. 4 Fraser has similar interests to all his

Some verbs have stative meanings. They describe states: nothing 'happens You cannot use them with continuous forms.

4 I 5 I 6 I

1



the temperature is 32°. (NOT J'r:n be!ieving) Note: A few verbs (e.g. think, have, look) have both dynamie and stative meanings. The meanings are different:

I

14

I must have the best job in the world. (think = befieve-?> stative) about 9oin9 to see them. (think = consider-?> dynamie)

8

(need) a new pair of trainers. (wear) my favourite T-shirt today. (buy) all my clothes online. (like) shopping. (think) most clothes are too expensive. (think) of going shopping later.

In pairs, ask each other questions based on the sentences in Exercise 7.

seeing each other when they've

check and repeat. a 515- five hundred _ _ _ fifteen b 214 - two hundred fourteen c 3,330

three thousand,

hundred ____ thirty

d 901-nine ____________ e 7,880 - ____ thousand, ____________ eighty f 4,416-four _ __

close friends.

5 Fraser doesn't think a good friend is always reliable in a crisis.

6 Fraser hangs out with both boys

1 O Write down three long num bers. Dictate the num bers to your partner. Check that your partner has written the same number as you.

and girls.

5 How many different kinds of friends do you Grammar Focus page 115

have? For example, dose friends, online friends, etc. Tell your partner.

Complete the phrases in WORD STORE 1 E with the correct prepositions. Then listen, check and 111:1.11::.:it.

6

1

Match part-words in box A with words in box B to make at least ten more family words.

Read the artide again. For questions 1-6, choose the correct answer A-D. 1 Your genes

A come mainly from your mother.

B mean you always resemble one of your parents.

ex-

grand greatgreat-greathalf- -in-law second step

C determine what you look like. D are always unique to you.

BI

2 Two blue-eyed parents with a brown-eyed child is

aunt brother daughter father grandmother grandfather husband mother nephew nieee sister son uncle w ife

A uncommon.

C impossible.

B common.

D extremely common.

3 Some children are very tall because A their parents are very healthy. B they have short parents. C they enjoy their lifestyle.

2

Use different family words from Exerdse 1 to describe yourself. Drawa diagram.

D they eat well and live well. 4 Bald men A always lose their hair because of their father's genes. B nearly always have sons who go bald. C sometimes inherit baldness from their mother's side.

D never pass on baldness through their daughter's genes. 5 Black and white twins are only possible when

3

4

Look at the diagram in Exerdse 2. Choose three people from your family and describe them to your partner. Who do you look like most? Read the artide. Tick the things you can inherit from your parents and/or ancestors. 1 your health your eye, hair and skin colour 3 your facial features 4 your lifestyle 5 poor eyesight 6 baldness 7 left-handedness

5

In pairs, describe the things that you think you have inherited from your parents and ancestors.

16

our genes are responsible for your appearance and your health. Half your genes are from your mother, the other half from your father. You are not identical to your mother or your father, but you probably look a bit like both of them. Or you may one of your for example a great-greatgrandparent. But even if you are like other members your family, you are unique. Your genes are different from everyone else's genes. The only people who have exactly the same genes are identical twins. Some of the features you inherit from your parents are hair, eye colour, skin colour and facia! features like the size and shape of your nose. You probably have the same hair colour as one of your parents, but this is not always true. Two dark-haired parents can have a blond or red-headed child. This happens when there was a blond or red-headed ancestor. lt is common for red-headed children to have trecKles. even if the parents don't have them. The strongest, or dominant gene in eye colour is brown. lf both parents have brown eyes, their children probably have brown eyes too. lt's also common two

45

50

brown-eyed parents to have a blue-eyed child, but unusual for two blue-eyed parents to have a browneyed child. As well,as eye colour you can inherit poor eyesight from your parents. So if you're shortsighted you're probably not the only person in your family who wears glasses.

A a black parent has white-skinned ancestors. B black is the dominant gene in the family. C the parents are both black.

D the parents are both white. 6 The most appropriate title for the text is A What do you look like? C Where are you from? B A family tradition

Tall parents usually have tall children and short parents usually have short children. But this isn't always true - in fact, children are getting taller thanks to improved diets and healthier lifestyles.

7

D lt's all in the genes

In pairs, discuss the meanings of the words and phrases in blue from the artide. Which of the following strategies can help you guess the meaning? 1 lt looks like a word in my language.

5s

60

50% of men with bald fathers will lose their hair. But the gene for baldness can come from the mother's family too - boys should look at their mother's father. They may take after him.

2 lt looks like a member of a word family I know. 3 lt is made up of words I understand. 4 The context can give me dues.

8

There are many different skin colours: from black, dark brown, brown, light brown to white. Most families share the same skin colour, but black parents can give birth to a lighter-skinned child if they have paleskinned ancestors.

Match the words and phrases in blue from the artide with the definitions below. 1 small brown spots on the skin 2 small areas on your cheek or chin that go inwards - _ _ 3 looks exactly like 4 be like 5 look like6 family mem bers who lived a very long time ago - _ _

Usually, a black and a white parent have dark6s skinned children because black is a dominant gene. But twin sisters Hayleigh and Lauren are exceptions. One twin is black, and the other is white. Hayleigh looks exactly like her black father and Lauren her white mother. This was only possibłe 7o because their father had a white relative in his past. Finally, if you are left-handed, or if you have fiirru"\ 11::1!:' in your cheeks or chin, you can thank your genes.

9

Choose three words or phrases in blue from the artide and use them in sentences about your own family.

BilE~~~ Complete WORD STORE 1 F with the

compound adjectives in the box. Then listen, check and repeat.

17

4

1

In pairs, look at the different versions of the Mona lisa and answer the questions:

Complete the dialogue between the Manager (M), a guest (G) and the guest's son Jack (J). Use the Present Perfect Continuous.

6

M: l'm sorry, the museum is really busy today. How long

The photo

.:...:.:..::...:...::::.~::...:...:.-=-='-"'-'-'--'-'...:.;_:_..::..:...:.-:;,,;. (w ait)? G: lt's OK. We 2_ _ _ (not wait) long. We

" Which version do you like best? Why?

complete the description of photo A with one word in each gap. Then listen again and check.

1 3

_ __

(stand) in this queue for about twenty minutes.

• What do you know about the original painting?

look at the adjective order key and put the dothes descriptions 1-5 in the right order. is anybody in the class wearing one of these items?

M: Right. Weil, 1'11 introduce you to Henri, our curator. He

4

!

a lovely

M: Weil, l'm sure Henri can answer any questions.

J:

5 2

Read about the real Mona lisa. Why does the curator think that the Mona lisa is smiling?

1s

7

Complete the sentences with the Present Perfect Simple or Continuous. Add a time expression to make the sentences true for you.

6

2 I 3 I 4 I

(study) English since _ __

5 I 6 I

(know) my oldest friend since _ __

(go) to the same hairdresser's for _ __

brown

! leather

j

flying

jacket

____

3

a couple.

On the floor,

6

5

bored.

to her chair there are severa! shopping

bags. l'm not 7

what's in them, but I think they're

probably clothes, and I 8

they've been shopping for

a few hours already. lt's hard to but it 11

9

10 ____

out exactly what kind of shop they are in, to be a men's clothes shop. lt looks as

they're near the changing rooms because there's a white curtain in the 12- - The man is holding up a shirt or a pair of trousers. He looks 13

trying it on.

if he's thinking about 1

14

think

the woman looks very

In pairs, describe dothes you have at home. Talk about the following:

15

____ ,

I think

she wants to go to a women's clothes shop.

Something you wear ... when you go "' in winter to do sport for a forma! occasion • at the weekend.

Read the GRAMMAR FOCUS and then underline six more examp!es of the Present Perfect Continuous in the text in Exerdse 2.

Choose the most appropriate Present Perfect form. Then tkk any sentences that are true for you.

4

Look at photo A. Describe the dothes that the people are wearing.

5

How would you describe the situation in photo A? Think of two adjectives to describe how the woman is feeling. Then listen and check your ideas.

l've been seeing the Mona Lisa twice. bought I has been buying a new car. /t's snowed I lt's been snowing since yesterday. /'ve learnt I l've been learning the piano for years. My parents have never been going I have never been abroad. I haven't dane I haven't been doing my English

The photo shows ...

homework yet.

on the left/on the right

2 My mum

3 4

5 You use the Present Perfect Continuous to talk about unfinished actions that started in the past and continue in time 'up-to-now'. Use for or since to say how long.

6

twe n ty8

Present Perfect Contim.mus: has/have + been + -ing form

j

4

The man's wearing a red top and grey jeans. The woman is

In pairs, take it in turns to describe dothes in the class. Use at least two adjectives to describe each item. Guess who your partner is describing.



7

one years.

they're in their twenties, and they're

interested.

Write queśtions for the sentences in Exerdse 5 beginning with How long have you ... ? Ask your partner.

The other questions are impossible to answer: they ask me, 'Who was she? What is she thinking? Why is she smiling?' Why is the Mona Lisa smiling? Because she's been listening to people's silly questions for over two hundred years ! Stop asking questions and look at the painting - it's beautiful! 3

2

(listen) to the same music since _ __

(sit) in this chair since _ __

I big old

1 trainers I Nike I New 2 A I cotton I shirt I patterned 3 jeans I blue I Fashionable I skinny 4 leather I high-heeled I Black I boots 5 A I striped I jumper I big I woollen

(she/hang) in the Louvre?

~~~ (have) the same computer for =-;::.i-=~

STOP ASKING SILLY QUESTIONS! My name is Henri Dubois. I've at the Louvre Museum in Paris for twenty-one years and I've been looking after the Mona Lisa for nearly ten. So, for the past ten years I've been watching people's faces .s when they first see the Mona Lisa. There's something very special about that painting. I've also been answering the same questions over and over again. They ask me, 'How long has she been hanging in the Louvre?' I always say the Mona Lisa has been in the Louvre since 1804. But it isn't quite true. The Mona Lisa hasn't been hanging in the Louvre since then 10 because someone stole it in 1911. Fortunately the painting was returned two years later.

(look after) the Mona Lisa for ten years.

Er ... How long

1

. . ISize/ Colour/ 1 M . I Make/ O Pm1on 1 1 atena 1 I Noun _.____J_ age ·-+-lp_a_t_t_e_m--+l-----+1 _ty_p_e_ ___,r-----

(learn) about Leonardo da Vinci at school. 6

a man and a woman shopping together. to say exactly how old they are, but I 3_ _ __

sitting on a white chair and she

(work) here for over twenty years.

G: Thanks. My son, Jack, is very excited. He 5 _ __

He

lt's

1

2

In this photo, I can see ... /there is .. ./there are ...

in the background/in the middle/in the foreground

Write questions in the Present Perfect Simple or Continuo us. Begin the questions with How long . „? or How many ... ? Ask your partner.

in front of/behind/next to

1 texts I receive I today?

l'm not sure ... , but ...

7

lt's hard to say/make out what ... , but ...

look at photo B. Then follow the instructions below and describe it. Use the phrases from the SPEAKING FOCUS to help you. • Say what the photo shows. • Speculate about the people and the situation.

Note: State verbs (be, have, know, etc.) do not take the continuous form.

The Mona Lisa (NOT ht'Js bee11 bein9 ...)

18

in the Louvre since 1804.

2 3 4 5 6

wear I the same watch? have I the same bag? foreign countries I visit? books I read I in the past three months?

He/She/lt looks. ..

lt seems to be .. ./Perhaps it's .. ./Maybe it's ...

I imagine they're ... /They're probably ...

8

In pairs, ask and answer three more questions based on photos A and B. 1 How often do you go shopping?

go I the same dentist?

Grammar Focus page 116

• Take it in turns to describe the photo to your partner.

He/She/lt looks as if/as though/like ...

I (don't) think .. ./I prefer .. ./Personally, .. ./In my opinion ...

2 Who do you usually go with? Why? 3 What are your favourite or least favourite shops? Why?

19

5

I can describe a person in writing 1 Work in pairs. look at your partner for ten seconds. Then dose your eyes and describe their appearance and dothing in as much detail as you can. 2

Mention age He's {about) my/your/ 1 age. He's in his teens/2___/mid/!ate twenties. Describe personality and interests He's a very easy-going!interesting person. She's the sort/type/kihd of person 3 _._._ always remembers your birthday/loves kids. She'd 4_·._ ._a great teacher/doctor/friend. He's 5- -... musidfashion/skateboarding;

Below, Maggie describes her friend Claire. Before you read, make a list of the things you think she might indude. ~11\,terests

3

...

Now read Maggie's message and see which things on your list in Exercise 2 she mentioned. $

Zara told me you are looking for a new singer for your band. lf so, I think my friend might be perfect.

10

15

Describe hair, eyes, skin ana face

He's gat cool, short, 6------'-·~······. She's got beautiful,!()ng 7_··-·_,blond hair. She's gat a kind/friendly/unusual srtrile/face. Mention height/puild She's short/8 _ _/taH. He's fairfy wf}ll-built/?_"_._ Give generał impressions

Hi Dominic,

Her name's Claire and she's our age, though she looks twenties. She's very easylike she's already in her going and I think she has a great sense of humour - we get on really well. She's also a very creative person and a fantastic singer. She plays the piano and writes her own songs and has even made a video to go with one ot them. She's into all sorts of music, from classical to punk and I think she's the sort of person who is open to new ideas. I think she'd make a great singer for the band.

Read the WRITING FOCUS and complete the examples with the words in purple from the message in Exercise 3.

She lo?ks (kind bf} cool/unusual:niysteribu~/unh~ppy/nervous. He looks a bit 10_ _. _. you/me/Mr Bean/Ronaldo. Merifion Clbthes She 11 _._.._.. _ cas.uaUy/smartly/well/inblack. He alWays wears•casual/smart/scruffy/fashionabl~/stylisb dothes.

6

She's about medium and She's also very pretty slim, and she's got long, dark hair. She dresses fashionably, though usually in black. I think looks a bit like a vampire, but without the sharp teeth

Some adjectives can be very negative when used to describe a person. Replace the underlined negative adjectives in the sentences below with the kinder phrases in the box. not

Watch her video (attached) and let me know what you think.

[ 20

interested in fashion

n~

Love Maggie

a little

m~ura

l

nuo„•tuoi ... ~.+

sometimes

his/her manners

1 Jo is skinny. She doesn't eat very much. !,S

2 3 4 5

Ryan is fat. He doesn't do much exercise. Harry is scruffy. He doesn't care what he wears. Ellie is rude. She needs to be mare polite. Ken is a(n) old student. He's back at university because he wants a career change. 6 Kelly is~· Her parents are worried that she'll fai! her exams.

7

Dominic is not online al the

moment. We'll

deliver your message next time

Dominic logs in.

4

Do you think you would get on well with Claire? Why?/ Why not?

20

A friend is going to visit the city where your cousin lives. Your cousin has agreed to show your friend around the city. They have never met before. Write an email of at least 1 OO words to your cousin and: '" describe your friend's appearance describe your friend's personality • mention some of your friend's interests „ thank your cousin for agreeing to show your friend around.

Use the information in the WRITING FOCUS to help you.

adventurous /;id'ventf;ir;is/ aggressive /;i'gresrv/ agresywny arrogant /'rer;ig;mt/ arogancki brave /brerv/ odważny, dzielny caring /'ke~ml)/ troskliwy charming /'tfa:m11J/ czarujący, uroczy /'tfi:ki/ zuchwały /'tfarldrf/ dziecinny crnative /kri'ert1v/ kreatywny /dai'menuk/ dynamiczny easy-going /,i:zi 'gJUII)/ spokojny, wyluzowany fascinating /'fces;ine1tIIJ/ fascynujący friendly /'frendli/ życzliwy, przyjazny hard-working /,ha:d 'w31kIJJ/ pracowity imaginative /1'rmed3;in;:i11v/ pomysłowy, obdarzony wyobraźnią immature /,rmd'tfug/ niedojrzały /'d3elgs/ zazdrosny /kamd/ miły, życzliwy /'lerzi/ leniwy mature /m;:i'tJu;i/ dojrzały mischievous /'nustfrv;:is/ szelmowski, zuchwały, bezczelny nervous /'il3:v;is/ nerwowy open to sth hupgn t;i ,sAm0IJJ/ otwarty na coś otwarty, towarzyski niezawodny realistic /m'hst1k/ be realistic- być realistą rude /ru:d/ nieuprzejmy selfish /'self1J/ samolubny sense of humour /,sens ;w 'hjuam/ poczucie humoru so~>hi~;t1cate!d /s;:i'fist;ikert;id/ wyrafinowany, obyty /'tnbrgnt/ tolera,w•yjny ..,„,„„.,,..." /An'hcepi/ nieszczęśliwy zachwycający, rozkoszny attractive /g'tnektrv/ atrakcyjny bald /b:J:ld/ łysy baldness /'b:ldn;is/ łysienie blond /blnnd/ blond, jasnowłosy 01ue-1orc,wr1-e1i1PC1 /,blu:/,braun 'ard/ o niebieskich/ brązowych oczach cheek /tfi:k/ policzek chin /tJm/ podbródek cool /ku:l/ świetny, odlotowy curly/straight/dark/short/long hair /,k3:li/,strert/ ,da:k/,J;);t/,lDJJ 'he;i/ kręcone/proste/ciemne/

adorable h'd:xrgb;::il/

krótkie/długie włosy cute /kju:t/ śliczny, uroczy

dark-/fair-/long-/short-haired /,da:k/,fe;i/,lnl)/ ,f::i:t 'he;:id/ o ciemnych/jasnych/długich/krótkich włosach

dark-/lighter-/pale-skinned /,dmk/,lmt;i/ pe1l 'skmd/ o ciemnej/jaśniejszej/bladej karnacji dimples /'d1mplz/ dołeczki /'efag<:int/ elegancki features /,fe1fgl 'fi:tfgz/ rysy twarzy fat /fret/ gruby freckles /'freblz/ piegi good-looking /,gud 'lokil)/ przystojny gorgeous /'g::i:d3gs/ olśniewający in his early/mid/late twenties /m rz 3:li/,m1d/ ,le1t 'twentiz/ w wieku dwudziestu kilku/około dwudziestu pięciu/prawie trzydziestu lat in his teens /m iz 'ti:nz/ w wieku nastoletnim make-up /'merkAp/ makijaż medium height /,mi:di;:im 'hart/ średniego wzrostu middle-aged /,m1d;:il 'e1d3d/ w średnim wieku mysterious /m1'stI;iri;:is/ tajemniczy overweight /,JUVJ'we1t/ z nadwagą red-headed /,red 'hed;id/ rudowłosy scruffy /'skrnJi/ niechlujny short /f::i:t/ niski skinny /'skmi/ chudy 1

1

slim /shm/ szczupły smart /smmt/ elegancki stylish /'starhf/ stylowy tall /t):l/ wysoki well-built /,wel 'brit/ dobrze zbudowany well-dressed /,we! 'drest/ dobrze ubrany

bangle /'brel]g;il/ orientalna bransoletka baseball cap /'be1sb31J k&p/ czapka z daszkiem boots /bu:ts/ buty (za kostkę) bracelet /'bmsM/ bransoletka casual/formal dothes /,kre3u;il/,b:m<:il 'kfauóz/ ubrania swobodne/eleganckie coat /bot/ płaszcz, kurtka cotton /'kotni bawełniany r!i:>•:;1n1rH>r dress /dr'zam;i dres/ sukienka od znanego projektanta fashionable /'fcefangb;:il/ modny fleece /fli:s/ bluza polarowa ···~ ·------ /'flam) ,d3rek<:it/ kurtka pilotka

fal! out with /,fo:l 'aut wro/ pokłócić się z

get on well with /,get nn 'wel w1ó/ być w dobrych stosunkach z hang out with /,hce!J 'aut wio/ spędzać czas z have a lot in common with /hrev g ,Int m 'knm;:in wro/ mieć dużo wspólnego z have a good relationship with /hrev ;i ,gud n'le1f;inf1p w1ó/ mieć dobre relacje z have similar interests /hrev ,srm;:il;:i 'mtr;ists/ mieć podobne zainteresowania ha~e an argument /,hrev ;in 'a:gj<:im<:int/ pokłócić się

look after sb /,lok 'mftg ,sAmb;:idi/

opiekować

się kimś

lose touch with /,lu:z 'tAtJ wrO/ stracić kontakt z online friend /,nnlam 'frend/ internetowy znajomy opposite sex /,npn<:it 'seks/ płeć przeciwna socialise with /'s;iufglmz waV utrzymywać kontakty towarzyskie z stop seeing each other /,stup 'si:IJJ i:tJ ,11.ó<:i/ przestać się spotykać

rękawiczki

czapka, kapelusz /,hm 'hi:;:ild/ na wysokim obcasie /d3i:nz/ dżinsy /'d3Amp;:i/ sweter /'leóg/ skórzany look /luk/ styl, stylizacja /'pcet~md/ wzorzysty scarf /ska:f/ szalik, apaszka shirt /J3:t/ koszula shorts /f::i:ts/ szorty silver /,s1lvJ 'nl]/ srebrny pierścionek w pasy hiah-h1i>i:>ilPrl

okulary przeciwsłoneczne sweatshirt bluza dresowa T-shirt /'ti: f3:t/ tie /tar/ krawat top, bluzka, koszulka buty sportowe trousers /'trauzgz/ spodnie klasyczny vintage waistcoat kamizelka woollen /'wobn/ wełniany

be the image of /,bi ó;:i '1mrd3 ;iv/ być bardzo podobnym do dress casually/smartly/fashionably/well/in black /,dres 'kce3ugli/'sma:tli/'fcefgmbli/'wel/ m 'blrek/ ubierać się swobodnie/elegancko/ modnie/dobrze/na czarno fit /fit/ pasować (pod względem rozmiaru) get changed 'tJemd3d/ przebrać się get /,get 'drest/,An'drest/ ubrać się/rozebrać się

look /luk/ wyglądać look like sb /'luk lark ,sAmbodi/ być podobnym do kogoś match /m:rtJ/ pasować do (siebie), dobrze łączyć się z put on /,pot 'nn/ zakładać, nakładać resemble sb /rr'zemb;:il ,sAmbndi/ przypominać kogoś

suit /su:t/ pasować (do kogoś, czyjejś urody, sylwetki) try on /,traI 'nn/ przymierzyć wear /we;i/ zakładać, nosić be always there for Ibi p:lw<:iz 'oe;:i fa/ być zawsze wsparciem dla dose friend /,klgos 'frend/ bliski przyjaciel/bliska przyjaciółka

date /de1t/ randka

ancestor /'rensgsfa/ przodek ex-husband/ex-wife /,eks 'hAzb;:ind/,eks 'wmf/ były mąż/była żona

father-in-law/mother-in-law /'fa:ogr m ,b:/ 'm11.o<:ir m ,b:/ teść/teściowa great-grandfather/great-grandmother /,grert 'grrend,faa)g/,grert 'grcen,mAo;i/ pradziadek/ prababcia great-great-grandfather/great-greatgrandmother /,gre1t ,grert 'grrend,fo:o;i/ gre1t ,grert 'grren,mAó;i/ prapradziadek/praprababcia great-great-grandson/great-greatgranddaughter /,grert ,greit 'grrensAn/,grert ,gre1t 'grcen,d::i:t;i/ praprawnuczek/praprawnuczka half-brother/half-sister /'ha:f ,br11.fo/'ha:f ,s1st;i/ brat przyrodni/siostra przyrodnia /'nefju:/ siostrzeniec/bratanek nieee /ni:s/ siostrzenica/bratanica second husband/wife /,sebnd 'hAzb;:ind/'warf/ drugi mąż/druga żona son-in-law/daughter-in-law /'sAn m ,b:/ 'd::i:t;ir rn ,b:/ zięć/synowa stepbrother/stepsister /'stepbrAo<:i/'steps1st<:i/ brat przyrodni/siostra przyrodnia (dziecko macochy lub ojczyma) stepfather/stepmother /'stepfa:ó;:i/'stepmAó;i/ ojczym/macocha stepson/stepdaug htęr pasierb/pasierbica unde/aunt /'AIJbl/a:nt/ wujek/ciocia 1

gen from sb /m'her;:it frgm ,sAmbodi/ odziedziczyć coś po left handedness 'hrend1dms/ leworęczność letit-/r1iaht-h.;mcli:!d l,left/,rmt 'hrendrd/ lewo-/ praworęczny

look as if/as though /'luk gz rf/gz ó;iu/ it /ooks as if/as though it's going to rain - wygląda jakby miało padać

look out! /,lok 'aut/ uważaj! look up /,luk 11.p/ wyszukać pass sth on /,pa:s ,sAm0II) 'nn/ przekazać coś (potomnym) report on sth /n'pJ:t nn she'd make a great ... byłaby świetną ... short-sighted /,f::i:t 'smtgd/ krótkowzroczny take after sb /,terk 'a:ftg ,s11.mbodi/ odziedziczyć po kimś (np. wygląd, zachowanie) unique /ju:'ni:k/ unikalny 1

3 Why did Stella refuse to work with the factory? MINIDIALOGI, WYBOR WIELOKROTNY

A The production method was not ethical.

WYBÓR WIELOKROTNY

B The water used for the colours was polluted. 1

Uzupełnij zdania właściwymi formami podanych słów.

poniższe minidialogi. Z podanych odpowiedzi A-C wybierz właściwe uzupełnienie wypowiedzi.

5 Przeczytaj

1 Don't worry, l'm sure John will be here any minute. He's

7

Przeczytaj tekst. Z podanych odpowiedzi A-D, wybierz

C The factory could n;t supply the fabric she wanted.

właściwą, zgodną z treścią tekstu.

D The wrong colour was used for the fabrics.

4 In Stella's opinion, what should designers do? A Create better designs every year. B Ouestion the methods of their production.

the most person I know. RELY 2 Helen's almost 20 years old but she's stili very Sprawdź, czy wybrana przez ciebie odpowiedź pasuje do luki pod względem poprawności językowej i czy najlepiej uzupełnia zdanie pod względem znaczenia.

_ _ _ _ . She often does silly things. MATURE

3 Lucy is a very

person and is always ready to

help her friends. CARE

4 Jason is not particularly

. Every summer he

1 X: What's that? __ a new T-shirt in this photo?

goes to the same beach resort in Spain. ADVENTURE

Y: lt's not new. lt's my dad's old T-shirt from the 80s.

5 All Yvonne's stories are full of surprises. She's a very

A Do you wear

_ _ _ _ writer. IMAGINATION

2 X: I was happy to see Jessica at the school reunion. Y: And who's she exactly?

6 Charles is a _ _ _ _ young man. CHARM

2

Zastąp podkreślone wyrażenia odpowiednimi słowami.

X: She used to be my best friend in primary school but

Pierwsze litery brakujących słów :zostały podane.

1 He wanted to ask Betty out on a d

we __ when my family moved to Bristol.

(when you

A took after

go out with someone you fancy), but he was too shy.

2 Most of my a

(family members who lived in (ability to

A 'm writing

~. Remember to wear sunglasses on sunny days.

selfish

(the condition of having little or no hair).

A I can't make out what it shows. B I don't think it is very interesting. C lt looks as though you could help me.

Why _ _ _ _ (patrzysz) at me like that? Is there 6

put make-up on for the first time. 3 Tom I

C jealous

Y: Weil, l'm not sure either.

angielski. Użyj czasu Present Simple lub Present Continuous.

pamięta) when her mother let her

B arrogant

5 X: Can you have a look at this picture? __

Przetłumacz wyrażenia podane w nawiasach na język

(nie

C 've been writing

Y: He says he isn't, but I know that 's not true.

5 Scientists are still looking for new ways to treat

something wrong with my hair?

B 've written

4 X: I guess Tom must be really __ now that his brother has inherited a cottage from their aunt.

4 Laura was a gorgeous girl with red hair and ______ (small brown spots) on her nose.

2 Pam

C hanged out

about the class project. I hope she replies soon.

3 lt's important to protect yo ur e

3

B lost touch

3 X: What have you been doing? Y: Nothing special. I _ an email to Lucy to ask her

the past) carne from lreland.

b

B Are you wearing C Have you warn

Przeczytaj tekst. Z podanych odpowiedzi A-C wybierz i poprawny gramatycznie tekst.

właściwą, tak aby otrzymać logiczny

(je) lunch and we have to wait for him. (nie myślę) that his sense of humour is very

sophisticated. 5 Stuart

(wygląda) very smart in his new

woollen suit and black leather shoes. 6 Jane, (czy rozumiesz) why people should be kind to each other?

4

Uzupełnij zdania odpowiednimi formami czasowników

podanych w nawiasach. Użyj czasu Present Perfect Simple lub Continuous. Our uncle is on holiday and we

(look) after

his dog since Monday. 2 How many bracelets

(you/make) this

morning? Enough for everyone? 3 I think I

(inherit) most genes from my mum

because we have similar looks. 4 How long (Gina/work) on the project about family resemblance? 5 Helen is very busy at university but she _ _ __ (not Jose) touch with her friends. 6 My older brother festival for five years now.

(go) to the same music

Young people 1_ _ Facebook actively for a long time. In fact, not long ago people under 25 were the biggest group of users. But now more and more 2_ _ sign up for Facebook, with the 40-54-year-olds becoming particularly interested in it. So, what 3_ _ Facebook? Do they like it? lf they haven't created a profile yet, they will probably do so in the near future. And then, they will want to be your 4_ _ friends and follow your profile! When this happens, should you accept or reject their invitation? There is no good answer for everyone. lf you have 5_ _ with your parents and tell them everything about your life, you may say yes. The worst thing is to do nothing. You can't pretend you haven't seen the invitation or say that you're busy with school work and you're not using Facebook. Be 6_ _ about it. You will have to take a decision one day. B have used

2 A people in their teens

C have been using

Since then her company has been growing steadily. In that time, it has developed a reputation as a fashion company with a difference. When Stella was growing up on a farm, her parents taught her to respect animals, to be aware of nature, and to understand that human beings share the planet with other creatures. These beliefs have had a huge impact on her and, as a result, she believes in ethical fashion now. Ethical fashion covers issues such as working conditions, child labour, fair trade and responsible production that does not harm the envirolJ~ent.

B are your parents thinking about A close B online 5 A a good relationship

C half C a lot in common

B similar interests 6 A reliable

B brave

C realistic

A show why some production methods are better than others.

B suggest how fashion designers can help the community. C explain the philosophy behind Stella's collections.

D describe how Stella became a fashion designer.

ILUSTRACJA

8

Stella's ethical fashion also aims to help poor workers. For this reason, she has created a range Of cloth bags together with the United Nations' International Trade Centre. The programme provides work for poor communities in Kenya, where the bags are created by hand. So far, 160 people in disadvantaged areas have been involved in the production. They are earning money, which has improved their lives. Stella McCartney has an interesting philosophy. lnstead of just creating new designs season after season, she believes designers should ask themselves how they make their clothes and accessories, where they make them, and what materials they use. Thinking about these questions makes designing more chałlenging and more interesting, but stili allows designers to create luxurious, beautiful items that people want to buy. Stella McCartney is proof of that.

1 According to the text, Stella McCartney A succeeded with the help of her father. B had a high position at a relatively young age. D created her own company straight after college. 2 Which statement about Stella McCartney is true? A A; a child, she found out about ethical fashion. B When she was a child, she wore organie cotton clothes. C She often gets ideas for her designs from nature. D No anima! products are used in her fashions.

Popatrz na zdjęcie i w każdej z 'Poniższych kategorii :zapisz po trzy słowa

lub

które

przydadzą się do

wyrażenia,

opisu zdjęcia. Następnie opisz zdjęcie.

As a lifelong vegetarian, Stella does not use any natura! leather or fur in her designs. The fabric she prefers is organie cotton and she has been experimenting with eco-friendly materials and production processes for some time. Recently, Stella decided not to work with a fabrics factory because the process used by it to colour the fabrics was very harmful to the environment. An entire river near the factory became red, making the water unsuitable for drinking or for use in agriculture.

C people of medium-height

B middle-aged people 3 A do your parents think about C have your parents thought about

D Make their clothes more luxurious.

5 The aim of the text is to

In i 995, after graduating from Central St Martins College of Art and Design in London, she enjoyed almost immediate success. Two short years later, at the age of 26, she became the head designer at Chloe - a famous Parisian fashion house. After four highly successful years at Chloe, Stella launched her own fashion label and showed her first collection in 200'1.

C experienced difficulty finding the right job. 1 A use

C Develop their own fashion philosophy.

hen designer Stella McCartney arrived on the fashion scene, many people claimed her success was due to her famous name. Her father is, after all, Beatles legend Paul McCartney. This, however, is not true. For Stella, becoming a success took hard work, determination and, of course, talent.

• People • Clothes • Feelings

9

Odpowiedz na pytania dotyczące zdjęcia z ćwiczenia 8. 1 What do you think the woman is telling the girl? 2 Do your parents ever comment on your clothes? Why?/ Why not? 3 Tell me about a situation when you or someone you know had to wear formal clothes.

E-MAIL

1 O Wykonaj zadanie egzaminacyjne. Twój kolega I Twoja koleżanka z Wielkiej Brytanii odbywa staż w czasopiśmie młodzieżowym. Jego/Jej zadaniem jest przeprowadzić wywiady z osobami z różnych krajów, które interesują się modą. Zaproponuj mu/jej kogoś spośród swoich znajomych. Napisze-mail, w którym: •przedstawisz zainteresowania wybranej osoby związane z modą; • napiszesz, jak zwykle się ona ubiera; • opiszesz jej osobowość; •zapewnisz, że polecana osoba zgodzi się na udział w wywiadzie. Rozwiń swoją wypowiedź w każdym z czterech podpunktów. Długość e-maila powinna wynosić od 80 do 130 słów.

5

Do the Sports Quiz and then compare your answers with a partner. [iii.I~~~ Complete WORD STORE 2A with the words in red from the Sports Uuiz. Then listen, check and repeat.

9 1

The most lmportant thing in the Olympic Games is not to win but take part. Baron Pierre de Coubertin - founder of the modern Olympic Games

2

Add the verb do, go or play to each list of sports.

Complete the questions with the nouns from WORD STORE 2A.

1 ____ basketball, golf, squash, table tennis, volleyball

1 Does your school have a football

2 ____ canoeing, cycling, sailing, skating, skiing 3 athletics, boxing, judo, karate, kung fu

2 How far away is the nearest ski

? ?

3 Is there a squash at your loca I sports centre? 4 Have you ever used a baseball or a hockey ____ ? 5 Is there an ice or a golf in your city? 6 Have you ever run a race on an athletics ? 7 Do you own a badminton or a table tennis ____ ?

In pairs, name the sports in photos A-F below and add them to the lists in Exercise 1. Add any other sports you know.

" Show what you know - sports " compound nouns; sport collocations people in sport Words for free - sport "word families - personal qualities " phrasal verbs " Word in focus - just

1 O In pairs, ask and answer the questions in Exerdse 9.

EJEJ~~~ Complete WORD STORE 28. Match the people with the definitions. Then listen, check and repeat.

12 Read the sentences and identify the people. I fol low my team everywhere. They are the best. 2 I have a whistle, a red and a yellow card. 3 I buy a ticket and watch the game. - _ __

narrative tenses " verb patterns

4 We wear the same kit. We' re in the same team. 5 I play aga inst you. You want to beat me and I want to beat you.

6 I organise training sessions and help you improve. - _ __ 7 I do the 100m, the 200m and the long jump. - _ __ asking for and giving an opinion agreeing and disagreeing

Eillill~HD In pairs, put the lines of one person's views

„ a narrative

about sport into the correct order. Then listen and check.

c France

can you find on the roof of the Burj Al Arab hotel in Dubai?

l'm not into competitive sport. 1'11 never

an ice rink a tennis court c a cycle track

first. l've even seen men ery when the opposing team

! I like being healthy and 1
dobieranie nagłówków do akapitów str. 28, 35

5 _ _ _ _ _ aball

6 _ _ _ _ _ a bali

14 EE[@~~ Complete WORD STORE 2C with the base form of the verbs in red from Exerdse 13. Then listen, check and repeat.

6 you won a

3 What can you do with a ball? Complete the captions for photos A-F with a verb from the box.

J

[ bounce Grammar Focus Reference and Practice str. 117 WORD STORE booki et str. 4-5 Workbook str. 26-35 MyEnglishlab

7

basR-etbC!LL ccitclrt

but

15 What do you think is more important: to win or to enjoy the game?

In pairs, discuss what you think about sport. Do you prefer: • individual sports or team sports?

4 In pairs, think about other ball sports. Discuss what you can and can't do with the ball.

listen and check your answers. Have a silver or a bronze medal?

gołd,

indoor sports or outdoor sports? • winter sports or summer sports? e

doing sport or watching sport?

o

sport or no sport?!

Eailll]~~ Complete WORD STORE 2D. Translate the Words for free. Then listen and repeat.

17 In pairs, write true example sentences for each of the Words for free.

4

1

1 Tom couldn't play because had forgotten his trainers. b he forgot his trainers. 2 Jeff broke his leg when a he skied. b he was skiing. 3 The referee blew his whistle and a the game started. b the game was starting. 4 Sue and Jenny were excited because a they hadn't been to a football match before. b they didn't go to a football match before. 5 lt was snowing when a the marathon had begun. b the marathon began. 6 Paula was leading the cycle race when a she fell off her bike. b she had fallen off her bike.

Read Running Wild. Answer the questions. 1 Had Chris Stewart run in Africa before?

2 Why wasn't he running very fast? 3 Why did a local runner overtake him at high speed?

RUNNING

ILD

5

Chris Stewart and two other British

In pairs, choose the best ending for each sentence.

1

In pairs, discuss what you know about the sports people in photos A-C.

2

BJIJ!mr§~m listen and match each speaker with their favourite sports star A-C. What human quality do all three sports stars have in common? 1:

co:rm~ieti~fl in Africa before, but important to save energy on a long-distance race so very fast. Aiter three kilomctrcs, H.uuu.c'"· when suddenly, high speed. race so and

!:iPE~ak~er

3:

3 ł!!Bm!~~[l Match three different adjectives with ead1 sports star according to the speakers' opinions. Put JE for Jessica Ennis, RK for Robert Kubica and RF for Roger Federer. Then listen again and check.

Read Lucky Break and choose the correct verb form. Then listen and check.

In 1956, goalkeeper Bert Trautmann

~ had played for Manchester City in his first FA Cup final when he 2 dived I was diving for the ball in the 75th minute.

He 3was knowińg I knew that he 4 hurt / had hurt himself but he 5was carrying on I

4

5

carried on playing. He 6 helped / had helped

his team to beat Birmingham City 3-1. He

2 look at all the verb phrases in blue in the text. Ust them next to the correct heading.

the n 7 had gone I went to hospital where the doctors couldn't believe he 8 had been I was still alive. He 9was breaking / had broken his neck!

In pairs, discuss which sports star you would choose as a good role model. Give reasons for your choice.

listen to the interview again. Who do statements 1-6 refer to: Mum or Rachel?

to an interview with Jackie Smith, a windsurfing champion. Answer the questions.

teens, but was unsuccessful. 2 Jackie has admired her since she was a child.

1 Who were her role models when she started

3 Th is person became a member of the sailing club.

windsurfing? 2 Who are her role models now?

4 Th is person encouraged Jackie when she took up rowing.

5 Jackie always wanted to~ this person. Jackie thinks she's like this person.

Read and complete the GRAMMAR FOCUS with the name of the appropriate tense.

8

Write questions about Lucky Break using the correct tense. 1 Who I win I the 1956 FA Cup fina I and what I be I the score?

the sentences to make them true for you. Then compare them with a partner. 1 People say I take after .. .

4 One day I think 1'11 take up ...

2 l've never taken part in .

5 The person I look up to most is ... 6 When I was a chi Id, I always copied ...

3 l'd like to join

_ _ _ _ to describe the main events.

He

Mum Rachel

1 This person took part in windsurfing events in her

Past Simple:

6

3

2:

LUCKY BREAK

crn.11peUng in a 20-kilometre race in Kenya.

e1

;:,pE~aK~er

- but then he

and

You often use the Past Continuous with the Past Simple usually when a short action (Past Simple) interrupted a longer unfinished action (Past Continuous). He when suddenly, a loca/ runner ,.„,,.""v+·,'"',.,k. him. You use the 3 to make it elear that one past action happened before another past action. He saw that a large rhinoceros the trees.

2 3 4 5 6

Trautmann I ever play I in an FA Cup fina! before? What position I Trautmann I play I when he got injured? How I Trautmann I hurt himself? Trautmann I stay I on the pitch for the whole game? Why I doctors I think I Trautmann was lucky?

1

team



.„

2

3

4

serve

sport

shoe

5

7 Answer the questions in Exercise 6.

8 You are going to tell your partner a story. Choose option A or B. Think about what to say and how to say it. Then tell the story.

A: Think of an exciting sports event you've seen or an exciting game you've played in. B: Choose one of the true stories in this lesson. Close your book.

Grammar Focus page 117

6

Rewrite the statements in Exercise 7. Replace the underlined words and phrases with words and phrases from Jackie's interview.

competitions do the same as entered got into has always looked up to her joined takes after as-a-tecnagef thought it was a good idea for

1 O ti!llWI~~[] Add the words in the box to the table in Exerdse 9. Then listen, check and repeat. court Io se

first heart

draw speed

grew

world

Complete WORD STORE 2E with the correct adjectives. Then listen, check and repeat.

2

In pairs, discuss the kinds of jobs that a person with no legs find difficult.

coułd

an actor a teacher 1

a writer a doctor a software developer

an athlete

Read UK TODAY and answer the questions. 1 What percentage of the UK population are disabled? 2 How many disabled people use wheelchairs?

3

Read an artide about Katy Sullivan and answer the questions. 1 Which of the professions from Exercise 2 did she choose to do?

2 How old was she when she started competing as a runner? 3 What did she achieve at the London 2012 Paralympics?

3 Who was the 'inspiration' behind the Paralympic Games?

4 How many athletes took part in the first disabled games in 1948?

5 How many countries were represented in

4

London 2012 Paralympic Games?

Read the artide again. Mateli headings A-F with paragraphs 1-4. There are two extra headings.

D Tragedy, then triumph on the track E Katy in the TV role of a runner F A brave career choice

UK disability facts There are 11 million disabled people in the UK- nearly 18% of the population. Only 17% of disabled people were barn with their disabilities.

5

The

I I.

e

Complete the statements about Katy Sullivan with a word from the box. 10

Many disabilities are not visible and fewer than 10% of disabled people need wheelchairs.

1 Katy had an 2

P:::ar·:::ah1•mr\irc::

Doctor Ludwig Guttmann, a spinal injury specialist at a London hospital, was the inspiration behind the modern Paralympic Ga mes.

3 Katy loves acting but she

Guttmann treated soldiers with terrible injuries from the Second World War. He believed passionately in the benefits of competitive sport for his patients.

5 Katy wanted to compete in Beijing but had a fali and

The first Paralympic Games took place in Rome in 1960. There were 400 athletes from 23 countries competing in 9 events. Since 1960 the games have grown in size and importance. London 2012 welcomed 4,200 athletes from 164 countries to compete in 20 different sports.

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in television. Katy took up running because she wanted to

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6 At the London 2012 Paralympics, in the 1OO metres, Katy

Guttmann organised the first disabled games in 1948. 16 disa bied soldiers took part and the only sport was archery.

aty Sullivan is an actor, an athlete, a motivational speaker and a person who refuses to accept the words 'no' or 'I can't'. She was bom without the lower half of her legs and has worn prosthetic legs all her life. She grew up in Alabama, USA and had an active childhood. lt was a normal childhood and she kept up with her siblings at the gym and at the local swimming pool. She feels lucky because her family t~eated her in just the same way as her other siblings. When Katy was a child, she didn 't like to put her prosthetic legs on because she was much taster without them. Other children would ask 'What happened to you?' Katy' s favourite thing to say was, 'Shark attack'! She enjoyed making up stories because she thought it was boring to say 'l've been like this au my life.'

K

A A new pair of !egs and new challenges B Athletics - the wrong choice C A positive attitude and a good sense of humour

world _ _ _ __

7 Her family, friends and fans think Katy has

2

8 Everybody thinks Katy has tu!1ti!IE~d 6

Are the statements in Exercise 5 true (T) or false (F)? Check your answers in the artide.

7

Complete the questions with the correct form of the collocations from Exerdse 5. 1 Did you have a very 2 Do you think most people f _ _ _ _ their a _ _ _ _ in life?

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30

3 Do your parents do anything to s ____ in s____ ? 4 Have you ever p ____ a r _ _ _ _ in a play? 5 Do you want to d ____ a when you leave school? 8

When a person is born without legs, there are plenty of things that are difficult or even impossible to do. But Katy believed she could achieve anything. So she chose two occupations that are difficult, even with both legs. When she was a teenager she saw a production of Charlie and the Chocolate Factory. One of the actors was Katy's dassmate at schooL Before the play was over, Katy had made her mind up to be an actor.

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4s

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and ful filled her

In pairs, ask each other the questions in Exercise 7. 3 35

Eml~~~ Complete WORD STORE 2F. Match the phrasal verbs in the box with their definitions. Then listen, check and repeat.

She did a degree in theatre and then moved to Los Angeles where she has played roles in theatre, television and film. She has a positive outlook on life.

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was the first person in the world with two as a she was chosen she fell over team but

ambitions.

3

Complete the text with the correct verb patterns. Use the verbs and objects in brackets. Then listen and check. What do you think_about ... ?

1

What does a sports psychologist do? Discuss in pairs. Then read the text to find out.

1

Before an important event, I advise 1 ~~~~~~~ (athletes/visit) the stadium. This allows

2 ___

In pairs, look at the jobs in the box and number them from most (5) to least (1) important for sodety.

(them/visualise)

the day of the competition. They can 3 _ _ _ (imagine) the smells and the sounds in the stadium, and they imagine 4

___

competitions. Of course

I encourage

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they

race. I force

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___

2

(athletes/talk) to themselves before a big

___

(them/concentrate} on the times when

negative voice in their head to stop

9_ _ _

10 ___

(talk). Good athletes

want (win), but top athletes expect That's positive thinking!

fluids and avoid drinking

a poi i ce officer

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___

D

3

Read and listen to a conversation between a brother and sister and answer the questions.

That's not true./l'm sorry, I don't agree with you.

Use the SPEAKING FOCUS to complete the phrases in the conversation. Then listen again and check.

l'm afraid I completely disagree.

lf you have no strong opinions, you can say: Personally, I don't fee! strongly one way or the other.

{win).

fact that if they manage

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Двигатели снизили обороты, и самолет с залитого солнцем летного поля въехал в пустой ангар напротив главного терминала. Вскоре появился пилот и открыл люк. Беккер быстро допил остатки клюквенного сока, поставил стакан на мокрую столешницу и надел пиджак. Пилот достал из летного костюма плотный конверт.

- Мне поручено передать вам .

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