Sarojini Naidu was born in Hyderabad on 13th February, 1879. Aghore Nath Chattopadhyay was her father. Varada Sundari Devi was her mother. From her school day, she began to write poems in English language. At the age of thirteen, she wrote a long poem and a drama in English.
Sarojini was a very brilliant student. She passed the Matriculation Examination only at the age of twelve. She passed in the first class. She went to England for higher studies. Later, she became a member of the royal Literary Society, London. She was known as ‘Nightingale of India’. In 1898 she married Dr. Govinda Rajulu Naidu of Andhra Pradesh. She then joined the Indian freedom Movement. Sarojini met Gandhiji and later became the President of the Congress for some time. She took active part in the movements started by Gandhiji.
Sarojini Naidu was sent to jail for taking part in active politics. India won freedom on 15th August, 1947. Sarojini Naidu was made the governor of Uttar Pradesh. She was a true patriot and offered her selfless service to the nation. At that time, her health began to fail. Sarojini Naidu passed away on 2nd March, 1949.
Category: Famous and Great Personalities of IndiaTagged With: Female Freedom Fighters of India, Freedom Fighters of India
Show MoreThe Indian English poetry that flourished in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries was largely an imitation of the English Romantic poetry both in its form and matter. No attempt was made to project the essence and nuances of the rich culture and tradition of India. The Westerners inturn wished for a glmpse of Indian life and customs through the literature of the time. As Edmund Gosse says in his introduction to Sarojini Naidu’s The Bird of Time (1912) :
What we wished to receive was not a rechauffe of Anglo-Saxon sentiment in an Anglo-Saxon setting, but some revelation of the heart of India, some sincere penetrating analysis of native passion, of the principles of antique religion and of such mysterious intimations as…show more content…
The poem also has a message that the material life is meaningless and that ultmate happiness of the mind can be attained only in the heart of nature where atma can meet the paramatma. This message is akin to the ancient Indian tradition where the rishis used to meditate in the interiors of the forest away from the hubbub of the world so as to attain nirvana.
Similar idea is included in the poem “Summer Woods” where the narrator is craving to run away from the “strife and song and festivals and fame” and from the “ toil and weariness, the prays and prayers of men” (“Summer Woods” The Broken Wing). She wishes to unite with her lover in the peacefull solitude of “deep blossoming woods”. This union of individual soul with the oversoul is suggested through the archetype of Radha and Krishna, the divine lovers. The purely Indian myth is framed with a vrindavan like landscape reflecting the geography of India. The crimson gulmohurs, koel, tamarind and neem, jasmine boughs, slumbering serpents, water-lily pools, as well as the music of the flute are all images of India inscribed in the mind of every Indian. In Sarojini Naidu’s poems we find an attempt to reproduce the melodies of Indian birds, the fragrance of Indian flowers, the colours of Indian soil , the sweetness of Indian fruits and the coolness of Indian breeze through minute description of Indian nature.
Sarojini Naidu’s description of India is comprehensive and realistic. No